Hacker

Denotes an individual with outstanding programming skills. Although frequently used to denote criminal activity, the term itself is agnostic.

Hackers are frequently divided into 3 categories: Black Hat, White Hat, and Grey Hat.

  • Black Hat hackers are computer programmers who use their skill for illicit activities, such as developing malware.
  • White Hat hackers, on the other hand, are frequently hired by companies with the explicit purpose of testing their network defenses.
  • Grey Hat hackers are a more elusive community usually associated with hacktivism, a hacking activity driven by political or social motivations. The prominent Anonymous group is often thought of as a community of Grey Hat hackers.

The Avira Security Wordbook

Search our threat glossary for clarifications on frequently used terms in IT security.