Mac computers were attacked by KeRanger ransomware
As you know, ransomware is one of the fastest-growing types of cyber threats. It attacks by encrypting data on infected machines, then typically asks users to pay ransoms in hard-to-trace digital currencies to get an electronic key so they can retrieve their data. According to security experts, cyber criminals manage to get from their victims hundreds of millions of dollars a year, especially by targeting Microsoft Windows operating system. Now it looks like they have just expanded their horizons.
Ryan Olson (Palo Alto Threat Intelligence Director) confirmed the “KeRanger” malware, which appeared on 4th of March, was the first functioning ransomware attacking Apple’s Mac computers.
“This is the first one in the wild that is definitely functional, encrypts your files and seeks a ransom,” said Olson in an interview for Reuters.
This time the attack vector was very specific since an affected user had to download a specific program which download website was compromised.
How did it happen?
Hackers infected Macs through a tainted copy of a popular program known as Transmission, which is used to transfer data through the BitTorrent peer-to-peer file sharing network, Palo Alto said on a blog article posted on Sunday afternoon.
When users downloaded version 2.90 of Transmission, which was released on Friday, their Macs were infected with the ransomware, the blog said.
Apple’s immediate intervention over the weekend
Apple had taken steps over the weekend to prevent further infections by revoking a digital certificate that enabled the rogue software to install on Macs. Other details were not provided yet.
Transmission, also, responded by removing the malicious version of its software from its website. On Sunday it released a version that its website said automatically removes the ransomware from infected Macs. Transmission users were advised to immediately install the new update, version 2.92, if they suspected they might be infected.
How the ransomware acts after infecting your Mac
Palo Alto said on its blog that KeRanger is programmed to stay quiet for three days after infecting a computer, then connect to the attacker’s server and start encrypting files so they cannot be accessed.
Once the encryption complete, KeRanger demands a ransom of 1 bitcoin, or about $400, the blog said.
Olson also mentioned that the victims whose machines were compromised but not cleaned up could start losing access to data on Monday, which is three days after the virus was loaded onto Transmission’s site.
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