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Virus:Worm/Rbot.ccc
Date discovered:19/06/2007
Type:Worm
In the wild:Yes
Reported Infections:Low
Distribution Potential:Medium
Damage Potential:Medium
Static file:Yes
File size:117.760 Bytes
MD5 checksum:3979525ef7f0951a7d7f6ecd3b56e0e5
VDF version:6.39.00.34 - Tuesday, June 19, 2007
IVDF version:6.39.00.34 - Tuesday, June 19, 2007

 General Method of propagation:
   • Local network


Aliases:
   •  Kaspersky: Backdoor.Win32.Rbot.ccc
   •  Sophos: W32/Rbot-GRB
   •  VirusBuster: Worm.RBot.MPV
   •  Eset: Win32/Rbot
   •  Bitdefender: Backdoor.IRCBot.HAS


Platforms / OS:
   • Windows 95
   • Windows 98
   • Windows 98 SE
   • Windows NT
   • Windows ME
   • Windows 2000
   • Windows XP
   • Windows 2003


Side effects:
   • Records keystrokes
   • Registry modification
   • Makes use of software vulnerability
   • Steals information
   • Third party control

 Files It copies itself to the following location:
   • %SYSDIR%\winup32.exe



It deletes the initially executed copy of itself.

 Registry The following registry keys are added in order to run the processes after reboot:

[HKLM\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Run]
   • "Windows Service Agent"="winup32.exe"

[HKLM\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\RunServices]
   • "Windows Service Agent"="winup32.exe"

[HKCU\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Run]
   • "Windows Service Agent"="winup32.exe"

 Network Infection In order to ensure its propagation the malware attemps to connect to other machines as described below.

It drops copies of itself to the following network shares:
   • IPC$
   • C$
   • D$
   • ADMIN$


It uses the following login information in order to gain access to the remote machine:

A list of usernames and passwords:
   • intranet; lan; main; winpass; blank; office; control; xp; nokia; hp;
      siemens; compaq; dell; cisco; ibm; orainstall; sqlpassoainstall; sql;
      sa; db1234; db1; databasepassword; data; databasepass; dbpassword;
      dbpass; access; domainpassword; domainpass; domain; hello; hell; god;
      sex; slut; bitch; fuck; exchange; backup; technical; loginpass; login;
      mary; katie; kate; george; eric; chris; ian; neil; lee; brian; susan;
      sue; sam; luke; peter; john; mike; bill; fred; joe; jen; bob; qwe;
      zxc; asd; qaz; win2000; winnt; winxp; win2k; win98; windows;
      oeminstall; oemuser; oem; user; homeuser; home; accounting; accounts;
      internet; www; web; outlook; mail; qwerty; null; server; system;
      changeme; linux; unix; demo; none; test; 2004; 2003; 2002; 2001; 2000;
      1234567890; 123456789; 12345678; 1234567; 123456; 12345; 1234; 123;
      12; 007; pwd; pass; pass1234; passwd; password; password1; adm; db2;
      oracle; dba; database; default; guest; wwwadmin; teacher; student;
      owner; computer; root; staff; admin; admins; administrat;
      administrateur; administrador; administrator; Zytowski; Zwiers; Zurn;
      Zucconi; Zoldak; Zerbini; Zegans; Zangwill; Zahedi; Zachary; Yu;
      Youk-See; Yoo; Yoffe; Yetiv; Yesson; Yedidia; Ybarra; Yates; Yarchuk;
      Yankee; Yamane; Yacono; Votey; Vorhaus; Woods-Powell; Woods; Wooden;
      Woo; VonHoffman; Wolk; Voigt; Viviani; Vitali; Wilson; Willstatter;
      Villarreal; Wilkinson; Wilkin; Wilk; Wilhelm; Wilder; Vignola; Viens;
      Wiener; Wiedersheim; Viano; Viana; Whittaker; Whitla; White; Whilton;
      Whately; Wetzel; Wescott; Verghese; Venne; Wengret; Welsh; Welles;
      Velasquez; Weissman; Weissbourd; Weinhaus; Weingarten; Weighart;
      Waugh; Vasquez; Wasowska; Warshafsky; Vanheeckeren; Vandenberg;
      VanZwet; vanAllen; Walter; Wallenberg; Wales; Valencia; Valberg;
      Waite; Vacca; Uzuner; Usdan; Urdang-Brown; Urban; Upsdell; Untermeyer;
      Ullman; Tzamarias; Twells; Tuttle; Turek; Turano; Tukan; Tudge; Tuck;
      Tsukurov; Tsomides; Tsiatis; Truss; Troy; Troiani; Tringali; Trewin;
      Trenga; Traebert; Toye; Towler; Torske; Torresi; Topulos; Toomer;
      Tomford; Tolman; Tolls; Tollestrup; Tofallis; Timmons; Till; Tierney;
      Throop; Thomsen; Thisted; Thibault; Theodos; Thavaneswaran; Than;
      Terracini; Tenney; Temmer; Temes; Teague; Tcherepnin; Tawn; Taveras;
      Tatar; Tanowitz; Tandler; Tambiah; Talaugon; Tai; Tagiuri; Swindle;
      Sweetser; Sweeting; Surdam; Suo; Sumner; Sullivan; Stringer; Streiff;
      Strauch; Strange; Stott; Storer; Stonich; Stolzenberg; Stockwell;
      Stockton; Stock; Stillwell; Stiepock; Stewart-Oaten; Stepniewska;
      Stephanian; Steiner; Stefani; Statlender; States; Stassinopolus;
      Stang; Stam; Stalvey; StMartin; Spinrad; Spiliotis; Spiegelhalter;
      Spicer; Sperber; Spence; Speizer; Spaulding; Sparrow; Spanier;
      Soultanian; Soule; Soukup; Sottak; Sorg; Sorabella; Sommariva; Somers;
      Solon; Socolow; Snodgrass; Sniffen; Smilow; Slowe; Sloan; Skoda;
      Skerry; Skane; Sites; Sirilli; Sinsabaugh; Silvetti; Silverman; Signa;
      Sigini; Sigalot; Siesto; Shimon; Shibata; Shia; Shesko; Shepstone;
      Sheppard; Shepherd; Sheats; Shea; Shavelson; Shatrov; Shar; Shanley;
      Shankland; Shakis; Shaikh; Seyfert; Sexton; Seterdahl; Sennett; Sen;
      Selvage; Sekler; Segal; Seeber; Seaton; Scudder; Scovel; Schwickrath;
      Schwan; Schuyler; Schutte; Schuman; Schossberger; Schmitt; Schilling;
      Schifini; Schiano; Scheiner; Scharlemann; Scharf; Scepan; Scarponi;
      Sayied; Sawtell; Satterthwaite; Satta; Satin; Sase; Sartore; Sarin;
      Sapers; Sanna; Sanchez-Ramirez; Samson; Sali; Sahu; Safire; Sadler;
      Sabatello; Ryu; Rush; Ruescher; Ruderman; Ruan; Ru; Royal; Row; Ronen;
      Rogers; Roesler; Rocha; Robinson; Rivera; Rish; Rineer; Rindos;
      Rielly; Richmond; Rhea; Resnik; Repetto; Renick; Remak; Reinold;
      Cunningham; Reedquist; Redden-Tyler; Rayport; Rapple; Rankin; Rangan;
      Raney; Rajagopalan; Radeke; Rabkin; Rabe; Quetin; Quaday; Pynchon;
      Pugh; Puccia; Prothrow-Stith; Proietti; Pritz; Pritchard; Prevost;
      Preucel; Presper; Powers; Poolman; Poma; Politis; Polanyi; Polak;
      Poirier; Pointer; Poincaire; Pocobene; Po; Plous; Plasket; Plant;
      Plancon; Pinot; Pilbeam; Pfister; Pettit; Pettibone; Petruzello;
      Peters; Perrimon; Perone; Perna; Perlman; Perlak; Perko; Pereira;
      Penny; Peishel; Pederson; Pearlberg; Peabody; Paynter; Pawloski;
      Pavlon; Pavetti; Pattullo; Patrick; Patefield; Pascucci; Partridge;
      Parris; Parmeggiani; Paoletti; Pantilla; Panizzon; Panadero;
      Palmitesta; Pallara; Palepu; Palayoor; Paine; PaesDealmeida; Ovid;
      Ouchida; Otten; Ottaviani; Ostrowski; Ospina; Orsi; Orfield; Oray;
      Opel; O'meara; Oman; O'malley; Olszewski; Olson; Olsen; Oldford;
      O'hagan; Oh; Ogata; Ocougne; Nuzum; Notman; Nitabach; Nisenson;
      Nickoloff; Nickerson; Ni; Ng; Newlin; Newfeld; Neuman; Nesci; Nenna;
      Nelson; Nayduch; Naviaux; Nardone; Nardi; Napolitano; Naddeo;
      Mussachio; Mumford; Mulroy; Mulkern; Mugnai; Muello; Mudarri; Motooka;
      Mostafavi; Mosler; Mosher; Mortimer; Morrow; Morrison; Moreton;
      Morani; MooreDeCh.; Montilio; Monque; Moiamedi; Mohr; Moeller;
      Modestino; Mocroft; Mittal; Mitropoulos; Gonzalez; Minichiello; Mini;
      Minh; Mills; Mieher; Middle; Michelman; Meurer; Metropolis; Metelka;
      Merz; Merseth; Merminod; Merlani; Merikoski; Menzies; Memisoglu;
      Meccariello; Mcnulty; Mcnealy; Mclaren; Mclane; Mckenna; Mcintosh;
      McIlroy; Mcgoldrick; Mcghee; McFadden; Mcelroy; Mcdowell; Mcclearn;
      Mccall; Mccaffery; Mcbride; Mazziotta; Mazzali; May; Mauzy; Mattson;
      Matsukata; Matarazzo; Matalka; Mass; Marubini; Marton; Martochio;
      Martinez; Marques; Margetts; Margalit; Marcus; Marchbanks; March;
      Mantovan; Manganiello; Mandel; Manalis; Malova; Maller; Malatesta;
      Maisano; Maine-Hershey; Maier; Mahony; Maggio; Madigan; Macy;
      MacMillan; Mackenney; Macintyre; Maceachern; Macdonald; Maccormac; Ma;
      Luzader; Lutcavage; Lussier; Luoma; Lunetta; Luecke; Luczkow; Luciano;
      Lucas; Lubin; Loza; Lowenstein; Loveman; Loss; Longworth; Locatelli;
      Lizardo; Livolsi; Livi; Livernash; Litvak; Little; Lipponen; Lippmann;
      Linzee; Linehan; Line; Linder; Linda; Linares; Lim; Lightfoot; Light;
      Liem; Lidano; Liakos; Lessi; Lesser; l'Enclos; Lenard; Leite;
      Leclercq; Lecce; Lecar; Lawless; Lashley; Laserna; Lanzit; Lantieri;
      Lankes; Landes; Lallemant; Laing; Lafler; Labunka; La; Kuwabara;
      Kusman; Kumar; Kuenzli; Krysiak; Kroemer; Kraus; Krasney; Krailo;
      Kraemer; Kovaks; Kotter; Korzybski; Kool; Konrad; Koniaris; Kommer;
      Koivumaki; Kohn; Koch; Kobrick; Knuff; Klint; Klinkenborg; Kling;
      Klemperer; Kleinfelder; Kleiman; Kleckner; Kittridge; Kirscht;
      Kippenberger; Kinsley; Kindall; Kimura; Kimmett; Kimmel; Khong; Keul;
      Kerry; Kendall; Kemsley; Kempton; Kelsey; Kelker; Keith; Keepper;
      Keenan; Kee; Kawachi; Kasten; Kassower; Karpouzes; Kangis; Kamel;
      Kalman; Kalinowski; Kalil; Kaligian; Kalbfleisch; Kafadar; Kaboolian;
      Kabbash; Julious; Juliano; Jucks; Jorgensen; Jolly; Johns; Johannsen;
      Johannesson; Jewett; Jespersen; Jenkins; Jellis; Jeffers; Jay;
      Jarrell; Jarnagin; Janjigian; Jamil; Jain; Jagoe; Jagger; Jagers;
      Jackson; Jacenko; Iyer; Isserman; Isbill; Isaievych; Isaac; Inniss;
      Inamura; Igarashi; Ichikawa; Iaquinta; Hyde; Hutchings; Hurtubise;
      Hupp; Huntington; Hungerford; Huidekoper; Huey; Hoy; Howard; Hottle;
      Hostage; Hoshida; Horsley; Hopkins; Hooker; Holzman; Holway; Holter;
      Holoien; Holmes; Hokoda; Hokanson; Hoffman; Hoffer; Hock; Hoang;
      Hitchcock; Hirst; Hind; Himmelfarb; Heyeck; Heubert; Hester; Herrera;
      Hernandez; Henrichs; Henery; Hemphill; Helprin; Hellmiss; Hellman;
      Heiland; Heft; Heermans; Hazlewood; Haynes; Hayes; Hawkes; Haviaras;
      Harwell; Hartnett; Hartmann; Hartman; Harrigan; Harlow; Hargraves;
      Harding; Hanssen; Hand; Hammerness; Hamer; Hambarzumjan; Halpert;
      Hallowell; Halkias; Haley; Hackshaw; Hackman; Haar; Ha; Guo; Gunn;
      Guenthart; Gruppe; Gruner; Grummell; Grigoletto; Griffiths; Greenfeld;
      Greenberg; Gravell; Gozzi; Goody; Goodearl; Good; Goncalves; Goldfarb;
      Glendon; Glegg; Gleason; Gist; Gillispie; Gill; Gili; Gilbert; Gibson;
      Gibbens; Ghorai; Gerrett; Georgi; Gemberling; Geller; Garonna; Garman;
      Garfield; Gambini; Galwey; Galeotti; Gaggiotti; Gabrielli; Fusaro;
      Furth; Fuller; Fujii-Abe; Frye; Fryberger; Frowiss; Frisken;
      Friedland; Fried; Freundlich; Freid; Frazier-Davis; Franz;
      Franklin-Kenea; Francisco; Fossi; Fossey; Fortier; Fortes; Forester;
      Folks; Flores; Flier; Fitzmaurice; Fisk; Fiorina; Finnegan;
      Finkelstein; Fink; Field; Fido; Feuer; Ferriell; Ferrante; Fernandes;
      Fernald; Feldman; Fejzo; Feigenbaum; Fates; Fasso'; Farren; Farone;
      Faris; Falorsi; Falco-Acosta; Faioes; Fagan; Fabbris; Everett;
      Euripides; Etter; Estes; Espinoza; Erez; Erdos; Erdman; Erbach;
      Eppling; Enyeart; Encinas; Elvis; Elmerick; Elmendorf; Eliasson;
      Eickenhorst; Edward; Edner; Edley; Eckel; Ebeling; Eardley; Dwyer;
      Dussault; Durrett; Duffin; D'souza; Drinker; Dowsland; Doug; Doty;
      Dosi; Dorf; Dore; Doonan; Donner; Donahue; Doherty; Dockery; Dirksen;
      Dionysius; Dilworth; Difronzo; Difabio; Diefenbach; Dicks; D'fini;
      Deutsch; Desombre; Denison; Denham; Denault; Demusz; Dempster; Deming;
      Dell'acqua; Delger; Deleon-Rendon; Delattre; Defeciani; Dees; Debroff;
      deRousse; del'Enclos; DeLaPena; DeGennaro; Dawkins; David; Daskalu;
      Dasgupta; Das; D'arcangelo; Dapice; Dante; Danieli; D'Ambra; Daly;
      Daldalian; daSilva; Cyders; Cvek; Cutler; Currier; Cui; Croxton;
      Croxen; Croshaw; Crocker; Crawford; Coutaux; Counter; Cosmides;
      Cornish; Corey; Connors; Condodina; Concino; Comstock; Compton;
      Collis; Collard; Colella; Coldren; Coito; Coblenz; Clow; Clifton;
      Clement; Clark; Clancy; Claffey; Cifarelli; Cicero; Ciampaglia;
      Church; Chupasko; Chu; Christopher; Christie; Christiano; Christian;
      Christenson; Chinman; Chinipardaz; Childs; Childress; Chien;
      Chiassino; Chervinsky; Cherry; Cheang; Charles; Chapman; Cerioli;
      Ceniceros; Cavell; Cavanagh; Castelda; Caspar; Case; Cascio; Cartmill;
      Carper; Caroti; Carmichael; Carlyle; Carlos; Carlin; Carayannopoulos;
      Caratozzolo; Capursi; Cappuccio; Capodilupo; Capocaccia; Caperton;
      Capanni; Canley; Cammilleri; Cammelli; Calnan; Cage; Byrd; Byerly;
      Byatt; Busetta; Burridge; Burke; Burdzy; Burden; Bunton; Bullard;
      Budding; Buchan; Brzycki; Brook; Broca; Britz; Brinton; Bridges;
      Bridgeman; Brewer; Brennan; Brenan; Breed; Brecht; Bradach; Bradac;
      Bracalente; Boyne; Boym; Boyland; Boyes; Boyajian; Boxer; Bowers;
      Bourneuf; Boudrot; Boudin; Botosh; Bothman; Bossi; Borden; Borack;
      Boorstin; Boone; Bookbinder; Book; Bontempo; Boniface; Bonham; Boner;
      Bologna; Bollinger; Bolick; Bolger; Blyth; Bloxham; Bloemhof;
      Bloembergen; Bloch; Blizard; Bliss; Blanke; Blakemore; Blagg;
      Blackwell; Blackbourn; Bisho; Bisema; Bir; Binion; Bickel; Biagioli;
      Beynart; Betti; Berrizbeitia; Bernston; Bernassola; Bernardo;
      Berke-Jenkins; Bergson; Benedict-Dye; Belloc; Bellini; Bellhouse;
      Bellavance; Belin-Collart; Belfer; Belaoussof; Belanger; Behenna;
      Bedford; Beder; Beckman; Bean; Beal; Beacon; Bayo; Bayles; Baumiller;
      Batchelder; Bashevis; Basavappa; Bartoo; Bartolome; Bartholomew;
      Barry; Barriola; Barnett; Barneson; Barbetti; Barberi; Baranowska;
      Baranczak; Barajas; Barabesi; Banta; Baltz; Ballew; Ballatori; Baleja;
      Bakanowsky; Bailar; Bagnold; Baglivo; Bady; Backus; Bachmuth; Azima;
      Ayling; Aykroyd; Ayiemba; Axworthy; Axelrod; Aurelius; Augustus;
      Atkins; Arky; Arjas; Aristotle; Arellano; Arduini; Arbia; Antos;
      Anthony; Ansley; Anfinrud; Andron; Andrelus; Ando; Andel; Anand;
      Amsden; Ameer; Amatangelo; Amaral; Altenhofen; Altenberger; Altavilla;
      Alongi; Allison; Aleks; Alda; Alcorn; Alavi; Ahlers; Adorno; Adibe;
      Adelstein; Addison; Adams; Ackerman; Abdulrazak



Exploit:
It makes use of the following Exploits:
– MS03-026 (Buffer Overrun in RPC Interface)
– MS03-039 (Buffer Overrun in RPCSS Service)
– MS04-007 (ASN.1 Vulnerability)
– MS05-039 (Vulnerability in Plug and Play)
 MS06-040 (Vulnerability in Server Service)


IP address generation:
It creates random IP addresses and tries to establish a connection with them.


Infection process:
Creates a TFTP or FTP script on the compromised machine in order to download the malware to the remote location.


Remote execution:
It attempts to schedule a remote execution of the malware, on the newly infected machine. Therefore it uses the NetScheduleJobAdd function.

 IRC To deliver system information and to provide remote control it connects to the following IRC Server:

Server: v.ircdevils.**********
Port: 5900
Server password: VrX
Channel: #VrX4#
Nickname: USA|XP|SP0|00|%five-digit random character string%
Password: VrX



 This malware has the ability to collect and send information such as:
     Collected Email addresses
    • CPU speed
    • Current user
     Details about drivers
    • Free disk space
    • Free memory
    • Malware uptime
    • Information about the network
    • Information about running processes
    • Size of memory
    • Username
    • Information about the Windows operating system


 Furthermore it has the ability to perform actions such as:
     connect to IRC server
     Launch DDoS ICMP flood
     Launch DDoS SYN flood
    • Launch DDoS TCP flood
     Launch DDoS UDP flood
    • Disable DCOM
    • Disable network shares
     disconnect from IRC server
    • Download file
    • Enable DCOM
    • Enable network shares
    • Execute file
    • Join IRC channel
    • Kill process
    • Leave IRC channel
    • Open remote shell
    • Perform DDoS attack
     Perform network scan
    • Perform port redirection
    • Send emails
     Updates itself
    • Upload file
     Visit a website

 Process termination List of processes that are terminated:
   • i11r54n4.exe; irun4.exe; d3dupdate.exe; rate.exe; ssate.exe;
      winsys.exe; winupd.exe; SysMonXP.exe; bbeagle.exe; teekids.exe;
      MSBLAST.exe; mscvb32.exe; sysinfo.exe; PandaAVEngine.exe;
      wincfg32.exe; taskmon.exe; zonealarm.exe; navapw32.exe; navw32.exe;
      zapro.exe; msblast.exe; netstat.exe; msconfig.exe; regedit.exe


 Stealing It tries to steal the following information:

It uses a network sniffer that checks for the following strings:
   • :.login; :,login; :!login; :@login; :$login; :%login; :^login;
      :*login; :-login; :+login; :/login; :\login; :=login; :?login;
      :'login; :`login; :~login; : login; :.auth; :,auth; :!auth; :@auth;
      :$auth; :%auth; :^auth; :&auth; :*auth; :-auth; :+auth; :/auth;
      :\auth; :=auth; :?auth; :'auth; :`auth; :~auth; : auth; :.id; :,id;
      :!id; :@id; :$id; :%id; :^id; :&id; :*id; :-id; :+id; :/id; :\id;
      :=id; :?id; :'id; :`id; :~id; : id; :.hashin; :!hashin; :$hashin;
      :%hashin; :.secure; :!secure; :.l; :!l; :$l; :%l; :.x; :!x; :$x; :%x;
      :.syn; :!syn; :$syn; :%syn; :!ident; :.ident

A logging routine is started after keystrokes are typed that match the following string:
   • paypal

– It captures:
     Keystrokes

A logging routine is started after a website is visited:
   • paypal.com

 It captures:
     Internet traffic
     Login information

 Miscellaneous Mutex:
It creates the following Mutex:
   • 11125

 File details Programming language:
The malware program was written in MS Visual C++.


Runtime packer:
In order to aggravate detection and reduce size of the file it is packed with a runtime packer.

설명 삽입자 Ana Maria Niculescu   2007년 11월 28일 수요일
설명 업데이트 Ana Maria Niculescu   2007년 11월 28일 수요일

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