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Date discovered:15/12/2005
In the wild:Yes
Reported Infections:Low
Distribution Potential:Medium
Damage Potential:Medium
Static file:Yes
File size:71.617 Bytes
MD5 checksum:7e98cedd83cb0B2ccfe51c16bce86557
VDF version:

 General Method of propagation:
   • Local network

   •  Symantec: W32.Spybot.Worm
   •  Kaspersky: Backdoor.Win32.SdBot.aad
   •  TrendMicro: WORM_SDBOT.DFH
   •  F-Secure: Backdoor.Win32.SdBot.aad
   •  Sophos: W32/Tilebot-CM
   •  Panda: W32/Sdbot.EKF.worm
   •  VirusBuster: Worm.RBot.DFU
   •  Bitdefender: Backdoor.Sdbot.F445.A

Platforms / OS:
   • Windows 95
   • Windows 98
   • Windows 98 SE
   • Windows NT
   • Windows ME
   • Windows 2000
   • Windows XP
   • Windows 2003

Side effects:
   • Lowers security settings
   • Registry modification
   • Makes use of software vulnerability
   • Third party control

 Files It copies itself to the following location:
   • %WINDIR%\comctsvc.exe

It tries to download some files:

– The locations are the following:
   • ftp.ea.com/pub/ea/patches/nfs/nfs-cd.zip
   • ftp.osc.edu/pub/bpowell/oscttssh.exe
   • ftp.ncsa.uiuc.edu/Mac/QuickTime/RealTime1.sea.bin
   • ftp.aol.com/aim/java/aim.exe
   • ftp.symantec.com/public/hungarian/liveupdate/lusetup.exe
   • download.nvidia.com/video/NVIDIA_EuroNews_English.wmv
   • ftp.demon.co.uk
   • space.mit.edu
   • ftp.gactr.uga.edu
   • ftp.novell.com
   • tsx-11.mit.edu

 Registry The following registry key is added in order to run the process after reboot:

– HKLM\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Run
   • "comctsvc" = "%WINDIR%\comctsvc.exe"

The following registry keys are added:

– HKLM\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Shell Extensions
   • "bftyb" = %hex value%

– HKLM\SOFTWARE\Policies\Microsoft\Windows\WindowsUpdate
   • "DoNotAllowXPSP2"=dword:00000001

The following registry keys are changed:

– HKLM\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Control
   Old value:
   • "WaitToKillServiceTimeout"=%user defined settings%
   New value:
   • "WaitToKillServiceTimeout"="7000"

– HKLM\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Security Center
   Old value:
   • "UpdatesDisableNotify"=%user defined settings%
   • "AntiVirusDisableNotify"=%user defined settings%
   • "FirewallDisableNotify"=%user defined settings%
   • "AntiVirusOverride"=%user defined settings%
   • "FirewallOverride"=%user defined settings%
   New value:
   • "UpdatesDisableNotify"=dword:00000001
   • "AntiVirusDisableNotify"=dword:00000001
   • "FirewallDisableNotify"=dword:00000001
   • "AntiVirusOverride"=dword:00000001
   • "FirewallOverride"=dword:00000001

Deactivate Windows Firewall:
– HKLM\SOFTWARE\Policies\Microsoft\WindowsFirewall\DomainProfile
   Old value:
   • "EnableFirewall"=%user defined settings%
   New value:
   • "EnableFirewall"=dword:00000000

– HKLM\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\WindowsUpdate\
   Auto Update
   Old value:
   • "AUOptions"=%user defined settings%
   New value:
   • "AUOptions"=dword:00000001

– HKLM\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Control\Lsa
   Old value:
   • "restrictanonymous"=%user defined settings%
   New value:
   • "restrictanonymous"=dword:00000001

– HKLM\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Services\lanmanserver\parameters
   Old value:
   • "AutoShareWks"=%user defined settings%
   • "AutoShareServer"=%user defined settings%
   New value:
   • "AutoShareWks"=dword:00000000
   • "AutoShareServer"=dword:00000000

– HKLM\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Ole
   Old value:
   • "EnableDCOM"=%user defined settings%
   New value:
   • "EnableDCOM"="N"

 Network Infection In order to ensure its propagation the malware attemps to connect to other machines as described below.

It drops copies of itself to the following network shares:
   • IPC$
   • d$\windows\system32
   • C$\windows\system32
   • c$\winnt\system32
   • ADMIN$\system32\
   • ADMIN$

It uses the following login information in order to gain access to the remote machine:

– A list of usernames and passwords:
   • aaaa; aaa; abc; asd; asdf; qwerty; qwert; 321; 54321; 12345; 1234;
      123; test; backup; user; guest; Rin; Yuka; Mitsuki; Moe; Miyu; Riko;
      Miu; Nanami; Aoi; Misaki; Daiki; Kenta; Kaito; Sota; Shota; Ren; Sho;
      Takumi; Shun; elizabeth; samantha; ashley; isabella; hannahabigail;
      olivia; madison; emma; emily; christopher; joseph; william; daniel;
      andrew; ethan; matthew; joshua; michael; jacob; root; serv; Server;
      server; Test; Backup; User; Guest; Admin; admin; Administrator;

It makes use of the following Exploits:
– MS02-061 (Elevation of Privilege in SQL Server Web)
– MS03-026 (Buffer Overrun in RPC Interface)
– MS03-039 (Buffer Overrun in RPCSS Service)
– MS03-049 (Buffer Overrun in the Workstation Service)
– MS04-007 (ASN.1 Vulnerability)
– MS04-011 (LSASS Vulnerability)
– MS05-039 (Vulnerability in Plug and Play)

IP address generation:
It creates random IP addresses while it keeps the first two octets from its own address. Afterwards it tries to establish a connection with the created addresses.

Infection process:
Creates an FTP script on the compromised machine in order to download the malware to the remote location.

Remote execution:
–It attempts to schedule a remote execution of the malware, on the newly infected machine. Therefore it uses the NetScheduleJobAdd function.

 IRC To deliver system information and to provide remote control it connects to the following IRC Servers:

Server: bitchplz.**********
Port: 8035
Channel: #haqr
Nickname: [USA]-%five-digit random character string%
Password: :|

Server: wtfchinks.**********
Port: 8035
Channel: #haqr
Nickname: [USA]-%five-digit random character string%
Password: :|

– This malware has the ability to collect and send information such as:
    • Cached passwords
    • Collected Email addresses
    • CPU speed
    • Current user
    • Details about drivers
    • Free disk space
    • Free memory
    • Information about the network
    • Information about running processes
    • Size of memory
    • Username
    • Information about the Windows operating system

– Furthermore it has the ability to perform actions such as:
    • Disable network shares
    • Download file
    • Enable network shares
    • Execute file
    • Kill process
    • Perform DDoS attack
    • Perform network scan
    • Perform port redirection
    • Updates itself
    • Upload file

 Process termination  List of services that are disabled:
   • Security Center
   • Telnet
   • Remote Registry
   • Messenger

 Miscellaneous Mutex:
It creates the following Mutex:
   • 357268

 File details Programming language:
The malware program was written in MS Visual C++.

Runtime packer:
In order to aggravate detection and reduce size of the file it is packed with a runtime packer.

Descripción insertada por Irina Boldea el martes 11 de abril de 2006
Descripción actualizada por Irina Boldea el viernes 14 de abril de 2006

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